Joseph R. Smyth

    Professor, Geological Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder

        Ph.D. University of Chicago, 1970.

        Curriculum vita updated June 10, 2001.


Education and Professional Experience:

Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, VA, USA:
    B.S. Geology; 1966

University of Chicago, Chicago. IL USA:
    M.Sc. Geophysical Sciences, 1968
    Ph.D. Geophysical Sciences, 1970
 
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Research Fellow: Geological Sciences;, 1970-1972

Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, USA
    Staff Scientist: 1972-1976

University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape, South Africa
    Senior Lecturer in Geology:  1975

Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA
    Staff Member:1976-1983

University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
    Assistant Professor: 1983-1986
    Associate professor: 1986-1990
    Professor 1990-present



Sabbatical and Temporary Positions

Phillips-Universitaet, Marburg, Germany
    Wissenschaftisch Mitarbeiter, !976

University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo, Japan
    JSPS Fellow, 1991

California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA
    Sabbatical, 1996

Bayerische Geoinstitut, Universitaet Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
    DFG Fellow, 1999
    Visitor, 2000, 2001



Major Research Areas and Accomplishments:
    Mineral Physics and Crystallography      Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology and Geochemistry     Planetary Science     Radioactive Waste




Current Projects:

Ultrasonic Interferometry and X-ray Diffraction at High Presure.
This is a collaborative project with Prof. Hartmut Spetzler at CU and with the Bayerisches Geoinstiutut in Bayreuth, Germany to measure elastic properties of high pressure mineral phases by ultrasonic interferometry and single-crystal Xray diffraction.

Hydroxyl Incorporation in Silicate and Oxide Minerals.
This is a collabortive project to examine the crystal chemistry of OH bonds in minerals using X-ray and neutron diffraction together with IR spectroscopy.

Recent Publications

I have added Adobe Acrobat PDF files for several publications. Just click the link and print for a high quality preprint or reprint.

 W.A. Bassett, H.-J. Reichmann, R.J. Angel, H. Spetzler, and J.R. Smyth (2000) New diamond anvil cells for gigahertz ultrasonic interferometry and X-ray diffraction. American Mineralogist 85, 283-287. pdf fileThis is a description of a new diamond anvil cell for equation of state studies of single crystals by ultrasonic interferometry and X-ray diffraction.

 C.M. Holl, J.R. Smyth, H.M.S. Laustsen, S.D. Jacobsen, and R.T. Downs (2000) Compression of witherite to 8GPa and the crystal structure of BaCO3-II. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 27, 467-473. pdf fileThis is a single-crystal X-ray diffraction study of the structure of witherite to 8 GPa. At 7.2 GPa the orthorhombic structure transforms to a hexagonal structure in which the Ba atoms occupy positions in the hcp array of oxygens. The high pressure structure of witherite is likely to be the same as the post-aragonite phase seen in CaCO3.

 S. D. Jacobsen, J.R. Smyth, R.J. Swope and R. I. Sheldon (2000) Two proton positions in the very strong H-bond of serandite [Na,Mn2Si3O8OH]. American Mineralogist 85, 745-752. pdf fileThis is a neutron diffraction study of the crystal structure of serandite which has an unusual Si-O-H bond and a very unusual IR spectrum. The proton occupies a double-well postion between O2 and O3.

 J.R. Smyth, S. D. Jacobsen, and R.M. Hazen (2000) Comparative crystal chemistry of the dense oxide minerals. Reviews in Mineralogy 40 (in press for November, 2000). pdf file This is a review of crystal structure studies of oxide minerals done at elevated temperatures and pressures.

 Smyth, J.R., S.D. Jacobsen, and R.M. Hazen (2000) Comparative crystal chemistry of the orthosilicate minerals. Reviews in Mineralogy 40 (in press for November, 2000). pdf fileThis is a review of crystal structure studies of orhosilicate minerals done at elevated temperatures and pressures.

 Smyth, J.R., Jacobsen S.D., Swope, R.J., Angel, R.J., Arlt, T., Domanik, K., and Holloway, J.R. (2000) Crystal structures and compressibilities of synthetic 2M1 and 3T phengite micas. European Journal of Mineralogy, 12, 955-963. pdf filepdf file(Tables) Phengite is a mica that is stable under mantle conditions to depths of at least 330 km and is a possible host for water in the upper mantle. This is a single crystal X-ray study of the structures and compression of two different polytypes of phengite.

 S.D. Jacobsen, J.R. Smyth, R.J. Swope, and R.T. Downs (1998) Rigid-body character of the SO4 groups in celestine, anglesite, and barite. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 1053-1060. This is a high-precision structural study of the common orthorhombic sulfate minerals.

 Smyth, J.R. and Kawamoto, T. (1997) Wadsleyite II: A new high pressure hydrous phase in the peridotite-H2O system. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 146, E9-16. pdf fileThis is a report of the synthesis and crystal structure determination of a new polymorph of (Mg,Fe)2SiO4 and a new spinelloid structure. This phase is a likely constituent of the Transition Zone and possible host for water in the mantle.

Smyth, J.R., Kawamoto, T. Jacobsen, S.D., Swope, R.J., Hervig, R.L., and Holloway, J.R. (1997) Crystal structure of monoclinic hydrous wadsleyite (b-Mg2SiO4) American Mineralogist 82, 270-275. pdf fileThis is a report of a new structural modfication of hydrous wadsleyite and a new spinelloid modification.

 Smyth J.R. and Ahrens, T.J. (1997) The crystal structure of calcite III. Geophysical Research Letters 25, 1595-1598. pdf fileThis is a report of the crystal structure of calcite III which is metastable phase produced by compression of calcite.

 Smyth, J.R., Dyar, M.D., May, H.M., Bricker, O.P., and Acker, J.G. (1997) Crystal structure refinement and Mossbauer spectroscopy of an ordered triclinic clinochlore. Clays and Clay Minerals 45, 544-550. This is a Moessbauer and X-ray diffraction study of a ordered, "maximum-triclinic" clinochlore.

 Smyth, J.R. and McCormick, T.C. (1995) Crystallographic data for minerals. Mineral Physics and Crystallography: A Handbook of Physical Constants. AGU Reference Shelf 2, AGU Washington, DC. p1-17.

 Swope, R.J., Smyth, J.R., and Larson, A.C. (1995) Hydrogen in rutile-type compounds I. Single crystal neutron and X-ray study of H in rutile. American Mineralogist 80, 448-453.

Smyth, J.R., Swope, R.J., and Pawley, A.R. (1995) Hydrogen in rutile-type compounds II. Crystal structure refinement of aluminous stishovite. American Mineralogist 80, 454-456.

 Smyth, J.R. (1994) A crystallographic model for hydrous wadsleyite: An ocean in the Earth's Interior? American Mineralogist 79, 1021-1025.

 Sharp, Z.D., Essene, E.J. and Smyth, J.R. (1992) Ultra high temperatures from oxygen isotope thermometry of a coesite-sanidine grospydite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 112, 358-370.

 Smyth, J.R., Bell, D.R. and Rossman, G.R. (1991) Hydrous clinopyroxenes from the upper mantle, Nature, 351, 732-735.


Full List of Publications 

Acknowledgment

This site has been developed and is supported by National Science Foundation gra nts EAR9614919 and EAR9725627 to Joseph R. Smyth.